Translating Research into Practice

Apr
24

Vicarious Trauma, Compassion Fatigue, and Burnout: What causes them and how do we prevent them?

Much research is needed to understand the impact of what is referred to as vicarious trauma (VT), compassion fatigue (CF), and burnout (BO) in forensic mental health professionals. Doing so will assist in efforts to ensure clinicians are engaging in their work competently and professionally. This is the bottom line of a recently published article […]

By Amanda Beltrani | Translating Research into Practice
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Apr
17

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Perpetrators of Violent Offenses: The Other Side of the Coin

Incarcerated offenders are more likely to experience Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and associated symptoms than the general population. This study examined the symptoms and predictors of PTSD in 150 male offenders incarcerated for committing a violent offense. Participants rated symptoms of PTSD for acts of reactive and instrumental violence, poorly recalled violence, and subjectively disturbing […]

By Amanda Beltrani | Translating Research into Practice
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Apr
10

Are we restoring competency, competently?

We have no collective empirical understanding of the utility of competency or traditional assessment instruments in the restoration context. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in the Journal of Forensic Psychology Research and Practice. Below is a summary of the research and findings as well as a translation of this research […]

By Amanda Beltrani | Translating Research into Practice
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Apr
03

Bail reform: Public’s opinion on using pretrial risk assessment algorithms

Incorporating the public’s opinion into the decision-making process may promote the legitimacy of California’s new pretrial process and the use of risk assessment algorithms in the criminal justice system in general. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. Below is a summary of the research and […]

By Amanda Beltrani | Translating Research into Practice
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Mar
27

Bias in the eye of the beholder: Impact of pretrial publicity on jurors’ decision-making

Antidefendant and antiprosecution pretrial publicity were found to have powerful effects on jurors’ impressions, evidence interpretation, and decisions, with jury type and pretrial publicity slant being the major influences. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. Below is a summary of the research and findings as […]

By Amanda Beltrani | Translating Research into Practice
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Mar
20

Is cross-examination an effective means to educate jurors on valid and reliable evidence?

Judges, attorneys, and jurors were largely insensitive to variations in scientific quality. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Law and Human Behavior. Below is a summary of the research and findings as well as a translation of this research into practice. Featured Article | Law and Human Behavior | 2019, […]

By Amanda Beltrani | Translating Research into Practice
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Mar
13

How important are age and motivation to change in rehabilitation programs?

When attempting to change criminal behavior through rehabilitation, clinicians should pay attention to clients’ age and level of motivation because greater maturity and motivation are strengths related to program effectiveness for those individuals. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Law and Human Behavior. Below is a summary of the research […]

By Amanda Beltrani | Translating Research into Practice
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Mar
06

The effects of familiarity and support on children’s disclosure of transgressions

Children gave more complete and consistent reports of adult wrongdoing in response to open-ended questions when interviewers used a supportive (vs. neutral) interviewing style across two interviews. The identity of the interviewer (same or different) had little impact on their accounts. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Law and Human […]

By Amanda Beltrani | Translating Research into Practice
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Feb
28

New mechanisms have been identified that promote negative attitudes toward the police and encourage future adolescent offending

Violent victimization and peer delinquency contribute to the formation of negative attitudes toward the police, which, in turn, increase a youth’s propensity to engage in crime. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Law and Human Behavior. Below is a summary of the research and findings as well as a translation […]

By Amanda Beltrani | Translating Research into Practice
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Feb
21

The criminalizing effect of contact with the criminal justice system

Exposure to the criminal justice system itself increases some of the risk factors used to predict recidivism. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Law and Human Behavior. Below is a summary of the research and findings as well as a translation of this research into practice. Featured Article | Law […]

By Amanda Beltrani | Translating Research into Practice
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Feb
14

Violence in Civil Psychiatric Patients: Mad, Bad, or Both?

This study examined the relationship between thinking styles and violence/aggression among civil psychiatric patients. The results reflect that a higher rate of aggressive incidents was predicted by a higher Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) score Denial of Harm, higher Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) Hostile Suspiciousness cores, and lower educational attainment. In addition, […]

By Amanda Beltrani | Translating Research into Practice
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Feb
07

Risk assessment tools: Harmful or Helpful?

Use of a risk assessment tool for pre or post-trial decisions may help reduce rates of incarceration while still protecting public safety. However, there is a strong need for more rigorous research before clear conclusions can be drawn. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Law and Human Behavior. Below is […]

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