Translating Research into Practice

Mar
08

Two Early Intervention Targets for Juvenile Recidivism: Prior Victimization and Substance Use

Prior victimization significantly predicted whether a youth had future contact with the juvenile or adult criminal justice system, even while considering other factors, such as risk level and youth characteristics. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Law and Human Behavior. Below is a summary of the research and findings as […]

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Mar
01

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy within the Risk Need Responsivity Framework Reduces Recidivism

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) exemplifies all the components of Cognitive-Behavioral programs that have been found to reduce recidivism rates. The results of the following literature review offer preliminary evidence that DBT has the potential to reduce recidivism in criminal justice systems if it is applied within a Risk-Need-Responsivity framework. This is the bottom line of […]

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Feb
22

Predeliberation Juror Discussion Leads to Bias in Jury Deliberation

Discussion of trial evidence by jurors, prior to jury deliberation, can introduce a systematic bias in jury verdicts. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Law and Human Behavior. Below is a summary of the research and findings as well as a translation of this research into practice. Featured Article | […]

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Feb
15

General Intelligence Is a More Robust Predictor of Competency Restoration than a Measure of Externalizing Behaviors

The present study evaluated whether specific aspects of psychopathological constructs assessed by the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), and specific cognitive abilities assessed by the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI/WASI-II), were associated with length of competency restoration among 344 male pretrial defendants hospitalized in a maximum security forensic psychiatric hospital. Higher Juvenile […]

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Feb
08

Self-Reported anti-social attitudes may not be a valid indicator of risk of reoffending .. and more

Self-reported within-treatment change in antisocial attitudes may not provide valid information about change in offenders’ risk of reoffending as a result of completing treatment. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Law and Human Behavior. Below is a summary of the research and findings as well as a translation of this […]

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Feb
01

Parents’ understanding of the child welfare system

Although parent’s understanding of the juvenile dependency system is crucial to the case outcome, the current study shows that their understanding is limited and not appropriately assessed, which may lead to uninformed decisions that bear high costs to the families. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Psychology, Public Policy, and […]

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Jan
25

Getting a second chance: Public support for reintegrative and disintegrative shaming for ex-offenders

The public supports rehabilitation efforts for all tested crime scenarios; however, when offense severity is high, the public is less likely to support giving an ex-offender a clean slate following punishment and more likely to demand retribution. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. Below is […]

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Jan
18

The usual suspects: Unintuitive findings about the medium used in lineups

Contrary to popular belief, live lineups are not superior to video and photo lineups; however, more research is needed for a clear policy recommendation. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. Below is a summary of the research and findings as well as a translation of […]

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Jan
11

ADHD Symptoms and Antisocial Traits Associated with Higher No-Show Rates

Sixty male patients with ADHD who received treatment in a Dutch forensic outpatient center completed the Adult Self-Report on disorder-specific symptoms and general psychosocial well-being. Results of the analyses reflect that patients with high no-show rates (15-45% missed appointments) had more ADHD symptoms compared to patients with low no-show rates (0-14.9% missed appointments). Furthermore, rule-breaking, […]

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Jan
04

Managing and Treating individuals who have been found not guilty by reason of insanity

Violence risk assessments did not predict long-term outcomes for insanity acquittees in the community but should be utilized for the development of treatment and management strategies. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Law and Human Behavior. Below is a summary of the research and findings as well as a translation […]

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Dec
28

Challenging the witness incompetence myth: Forensic interviews with individuals with intellectual disability

Individuals with intellectual disability are able to participate in criminal investigation and testify regarding alleged abuse crimes—however, a forensic interview needs to be informed by a proper evaluation of their skills and adjusted to the developmental needs of the interviewees. This is the bottom line of a recently published article in Psychology, Public Policy, and […]

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Dec
21

Research Shows: No Consensus on Optimal Long-Term Treatment for Forensic Patients

This rapid review summarizes available research on the definition, prevalence, characteristics, and needs of long-stay patients within forensic psychiatric settings. The factors most frequently associated with longer stay included: the seriousness of the index offense, history of psychiatric treatment, presence of a cognitive deficit, severity of illness, and diagnosis of schizophrenia or psychotic disorder. Furthermore, […]

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